You won’t have to worry about future sentences anymore, because we will teach them to you, so you can master them flawlessly. We use will and going to when we want to work with the future. We will explain to you how to use this grammatical structure so you can master the future. Let’s go!
Use will when…
You have to refer to spontaneous decisions for the future, for things that you are not 100 % sure will happen shortly, to promises or offerings that have the same degree of uncertainty or expectative.
Will is an auxiliary verb used in sentence structures for the future, that’s why you are going to see it very frequently in questions and sentences that are in this verbal time.
This word is also used in conditional sentences. Wishes and predictions also go hand in hand most of the time in this grammatical form.
We can use will positively and negatively (adding the word not or its contraction known as <<won’t>>).
Let’s view some examples:
I will meet you at 4 pm (promise)
We will talk about the problem we had (spontaneous decision)
If I go to the supermarket, I’ll buy chocolate (this is a conditional)
I will be loved by everyone (desire)
I think it will rain this afternoon (prediction)
On the other hand, Going to…
Is used when you want to talk about plans and decisions that are certain and predetermined. We use “going to”, to address events that have a wide range of certainty that will happen.
He is going to visit my country tomorrow
I am going to dinner at home for this Christmas dinner
If you look closely at the structure of the sentence, you can see that the verb to be is present, followed by going (which is a gerund), plus the word to (which is a preposition) and a verb in the infinitive form.
You + are + going + to + drive
Something you should know about this structure is that the verb to be changed depending on the subject.
If we are dealing with the third person pronouns (he, she, or it) going to should be preceded by the verb to be in its «is» form. If it is preceded by the singular pronoun (I) then it should use «am», and so forth…
Here we have the structure with the variations of the verb to be:
I am going to
You are going to
She, he, it is going to
We are going to
You are going to
They are going to
Going to can also be used to ask about plans for the future, but as we mentioned, they have to have a certain degree of certainty.
In that case, you will have to alter the structure of the sentence a bit, just like any other question structure in English.
It should look like this:
Verb to be + going + to + Verbo in the infinitive form
Here you can see an example:
Are you going to drive tomorrow? (This is a yes or no question scenario)
- Yes, I am going to drive.
What are you going to do tomorrow? (This is a wh- or information question scenario)
- I am going to drive to your home.
We will explain this type of question in another post, but for now, you should know that going to works in both forms.
In this example, you can see the two types of questions, and also the answers and affirmative sentences with “going to”.
“Going to”, just like “will”, has a negative form and it is structured in the following manner:
Verb to be + not + going + to + verb in the infinitive form
Or the contraction in its place:
You aren’t going to buy tomorrow because you do not have enough money.
- Will and going to are used to talk about the future and each one has positive and negative forms, as well as a question form.
- Will is used for predictions, wishes, spontaneous decisions that will happen, promises, and not very certain situations.
- Going to is applied for plans and decisions that are certain and very possible to happen.
Practice this grammar form, so that you do not have to worry about working with the future anymore, well at least not in English. If you need any additional help with will and going to, you can contact the team of B1b2 that is always there to help you.